Load HTML Files with WebDriver in Python

Q

How to load an HTML document file from the local hard disk with WebDriver in Python?

✍: FYIcenter.com

A

If you want to load an HTML document file from the local hard disk with WebDriver, you can use the "file" URI format to identify the local file as shown in the example Python program below:

# LoadLocalHtmlFile.py
# Copyright (c) FYIcenter.com 
from selenium.webdriver import Chrome
import pathlib
import sys
import os

file = sys.argv[1]
path = os.path.abspath(file)
url = pathlib.Path(path).as_uri()
print("Loading "+url)

script = "var items = {};" + \
   " for (index = 0; index < arguments[0].attributes.length; ++index)" + \
   " { items[arguments[0].attributes[index].name] = arguments[0].attributes[index].value };" + \
   " return items;"

def printTagWithAttributes(tag, space):
   global script
   global driver

#  build the attribute list
   attributes = ""
   dict = driver.execute_script(script,tag)
   for k, v in dict.items():
      attributes += " "+k+"=\""+v+"\""

   list = tag.find_elements_by_xpath("./*")
   if (len(list)==0):
   	  print(space+"<"+tag.tag_name+attributes+"/>")
   else: 
      print(space+"<"+tag.tag_name+attributes+">")
      for child in list:
         printTagWithAttributes(child,space+"  ")
      print(space+"</"+tag.tag_name+">")

driver = Chrome()
driver.get(url)
html = driver.find_element_by_tag_name("html")
printTagWithAttributes(html,"")
driver.quit()

To test the above program, you can use the following HTML file, Hello.html:

<html>
  <head>
    <title>Hello</title>
  </head>
  <body bgcolor="#ffeeee">
    <p>Hello world!</p>    
  </body>
</html>

Run the program with Hello.html:

C:\fyicenter> python LoadLocalHtmlFile.py Hello.html

Loading file:///C:/fyicenter/Hello.html
<html{}>
  <head{}>
    <title{}>
    </title>
  </head>
  <body{bgcolor=#ffeeee}>
    <p{}>
    </p>
  </body>
</html>

The output shows that we loaded the local HTML file correctly.

 

Hidden Input Field with WebDriver in Python

Dump Element Attributes with execute_script() in Python

Using Selenium WebDriver Client Python API

⇑⇑ Selenium Tutorials

2019-10-18, 155👍, 0💬