Hazard Mitigation Test
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Hazard Mitigation Test
- What is Hazard Mitigation
- Annually the dollar cost of disasters in the United States is: (select one)
- In sustainable communities, decisions made by the present generation will: (select one)
- Three ways to reduce the risk of future hazard damages to new development are:
- Mitigation is defined as: ___ actions taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from hazards and their effects. (select one)
- One example of a State responsibility under the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 is:
- One example of a local government responsibility under the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 is:
- ,. Match the mitigation program with the appropriate description below: a. NEHRP b. NDSP c. NHP d. NFIP
- Community action for developing and implementing a hazard mitigation plan can be organized into the following four phases: Phase 1: Organize Resources Phase 2: Assess Risks Phase 3: Develop the Mitigation Plan Phase 4: Implement the Mitigation Strategy and Monitor Progress
- Three steps for gaining support for hazard mitigation include:
- If elected/appointed officials and citizens lack knowledge about hazards and risk, find opportunities to share: (check all that apply)
- Hazard mitigation planning efforts will be more successful if the team has official ________ to develop and implement a hazard mitigation plan.
- Three ways to engage the public in the hazard mitigation planning process are:
- According to the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, each community entering into a “multi-jurisdictional” plan must do this in order to receive hazard mitigation funds: (select one)
- True or False: Citizens who become knowledgeable about the process of hazard mitigation planning may be willing to assist later in the implementation process. .
- Match the terms with their definitions. Hazard Vulnerability Exposure Risk Risk assessment
- The four major steps of a risk assessment are:
- Three ways to find hazard information are:
- A hazard profile includes: (select all that apply)
- Among the most urgent and important assets within the community are ___ facilities.
- True or False. Loss estimation is not required for approval of a local hazard mitigation plan by FEMA, but provides valuable information to the selection of the mitigation strategy. .
- __ is the loss estimation software program that is useful in predicting the physical, economic, and social impacts of various hazard events.
- The _____ provides direction for the community’s efforts to reduce the potential losses identified in the risk assessment.
- __ are general guidelines for what you want to achieve in the long run.
- It is important that __ be measurable so you will know when you have successfully implemented the mitigation strategy.
- Planning, zoning, and open-space preservation (parks and recreation areas) are examples of hazard mitigation actions in the prevention category.
- Floodproofing and acquisition are examples of hazard mitigation action in the __ category.
- Notices to residents of a hazard-prone area and displays of mitigation techniques are examples of hazard mitigation actions in the __ category.
- Wetlands protection and dune restoration are examples of hazard mitigation actions in the __ category.
- Dikes, levees, and seawalls are examples of __ mitigation actions.
- An acronym for a set of criteria used to screen planning decisions is __.
- FEMAs __ Program includes competitive grants for hazard mitigation planning and projects.
- When a State’s resources are overwhelmed by a disaster event, the __ submits a request for a major disaster declaration to __.
- The __ Act authorizes the President to declare that a major disaster or emergency exists.
- Section __ of the Stafford Act authorizes funds for hazard mitigation measures to meet the need for government services and infrastructure in areas affected by the disaster.
- Section __ of the Stafford Act authorizes temporary housing for up to 18 months for displaced persons whose primary residences was heavily damaged or destroyed.
- The __ is authorized under Section 404 of the Stafford Act and is the main post-disaster hazard mitigation program.
- In order for the State and its local jurisdictions to be eligible for Hazard Mitigation Grant Program funds, the State must have a FEMA-approved __.
- A National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policy holder may be eligible for __ funds to mitigate the risk of future flooding if the structure is located in a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) and is more than 50 percent damaged.
- The __ may make available additional disaster loan amounts, up to 20 percent, to help pay for hazard mitigation actions.
- The __ group in the Hazard Mitigation Branch uses Mitigation Assessment Teams (MATs) to collect critical information on disaster effects.
- The __ group in the Hazard Mitigation Branch provides advice to the public on hazard mitigation techniques and insurance at the Disaster Recovery Centers.