Software QA FYI - SQAFYI

Glossary of Internet Terms

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Local Area Network. A LAN allows users to share files between computers, send e-mail and access the Internet. Most companies use Local Area Networks so that users can access information within or outside the LAN.

An automated mailing list distribution system.

Mailing list
A mailing list is a list of e-mail addresses used to have messages forwarded to groups of people.

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, or MIME, is the standard way to organize different file formats. For example, if you receive an e-mail, which is in a different format than yours, the file will be decoded so you can read it using MIME.

Mirror site
A mirror site is usually set up due to overwhelming traffic on an existing web site. A mirror site is a site that is kept separate from the original site but contains the same information as that site. This is an alternative to users who attempt to go to a web site but cannot due to traffic problems.

NFS (Network File System)
A Network File System allows a computer to access and use files over a network, just as if it were a local network.

NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol)
A standard industry protocol for the inquiry, distribution, retrieval, and posting of news articles.

Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP)
A standard industry protocol for the inquiry, distribution, retrieval, and posting of news articles.

The OpenURL standard is a syntax to create Web-transportable packages of metadata and/or identifiers about an information object

PING, is a simple way to time or test the response of an Internet connection.

POP (Post Office Protocol)
A protocol that allows single users to read mail from a server.

PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol)
A PPP is a protocol that provides a method for sending and receiving packets over serial point-to-point links.

A protocol is a method of communication between two devices. You can think of it as the language the devices use to communicate with each other, although it is not the same as a programming language (by which a human programmer controls a computer). Different brands of printers, for example, each use their own protocol (or "language") by which a computer can communicate with the printer. This is why a driver program must be written for each printer.

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Glossary of Internet Terms